Individuals that do not have atrial fibrillation can lower their chance of getting this arrhythmia by minimizing risk factors. This includes minimizing the risk factors for coronary heart disease and high blood pressure listed below.
- Do not smoke.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Make nutritious, low-fat or nonfat foods the basis of a lifestyle; some physicians suggest increasing a person’s intake of fish oil, fiber, and vegetables.
- Take part in moderately strenuous physical activity for at least 30 minutes every day.
- Control (reduce) high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
- Use alcohol in moderation (maximum of 1-2 drinks per day), if at all.
- Avoid caffeine and other stimulants as much as is possible.
If patients have atrial fibrillation, their health care professional may prescribe treatments for the underlying cause and to prevent future episodes of atrial fibrillation. These treatments might include any of the following (see Medical Treatment for more information):
- Radiofrequency ablation
- Maze surgery